Armadillo looking for food in the outdoors.

Are Armadillos Mammals?

Armadillos may have a rough exterior and scaly armor, but they’re warm-blooded mammals. What makes them unique is their incredible ability to curl up into a tight ball if they feel threatened – using their armor as protection.

These critters are great at sniffing tasty treats like insects, larvae, and snails. There’s much more to learn about armadillos, so let’s dive in and discover more about these fantastic animals.

Key Pest Points:

Armadillos are mammals that belong to the family Dasypodidae. 

• They have a unique ability to curl up into a tight ball in defense against predators.

• These mammals are omnivores, feeding mostly on small insects, larvae, and snails.

What Is a Mammal?

Mammals are a class of animals with characteristics that set them apart. Here are the features that make them so unique:

  • Warm-blooded: Unlike other animals, mammals can regulate their body temperature internally. This allows them to adapt to different and survive in extreme conditions.
  • Excellent hearing: All mammals have three middle ear bones that allow them to transmit sound waves to the brain, giving them a remarkable sense of hearing and communication skills.
  • Live births: Unlike reptiles or birds, mammals give birth to live young thanks to internal fertilization. This places female mammals in a critical role in nurturing and caring for their young.
  • Varied diet: With a diverse range of teeth for tearing, grinding, and slicing food, mammals can consume a varied diet.

Whether you find whales, tigers, armadillos, humans, or other mammals interesting, we all share these important characteristics that make us unique creatures.

Juvenile Nine-banded Armadillo digging for food in the garden

Armadillo Anatomy

Armadillos are pretty fascinating creatures that are part of the Dasypodidae family. Here are some of the key features they’re known for.

  • Snouts for Sniffing: Most armadillos use their long snouts to sniff out insects and other prey.
  • Powerful Front Legs: Armadillos use their powerful front legs to dig burrows and tear apart termite mounds. While their back legs are strong enough for running and jumping.
  • Nocturnal BehaviorArmadillos are nocturnal animals, meaning they’re awake at night and will sleep during the day. This helps them avoid predators and take advantage of cooler temperatures to conserve energy.

Armadillos have amazing adaptations to their wild lifestyle, which makes them one of the most fascinating animals in the world.

Diet and Habitat of Armadillos

Despite their peculiar appearance, these armored animals still manage to survive and thrive in their native habitats. Let’s discuss the diet and habitat of armadillos and learn more about these amazing creatures.

Diet of Armadillos

Armadillos are omnivorous, and their diet varies depending on food availability. They eat insects, small invertebrates, and even small reptiles like lizards. These mammals are also known to eat fruits, berries, and nuts. Armadillos are opportunistic feeders, and their diet changes based on their environment.

armadillo digging burrow with their head in the hole

Habitat of Armadillos

Armadillos prefer areas with soft soil like grasslands, deciduous forests, and open spaces near water bodies. They have also adapted well to urban areas and may reside in parks and gardens.

Understanding their diet and habitats is essential to ensuring survival and protecting these unique creatures for future generations.

The Role of Armadillos in the Ecosystem

The role of Armadillos in the ecosystem is often underrated and overshadowed by other charismatic fauna. However, these armored mammals are crucial in maintaining a healthy and balanced environment.

  • Armadillos are known for their digging capabilities, which help them find food and contribute to soil aeration. They create small tunnels that allow nutrients to reach deeper into the soil, promoting healthy plant growth.
  • Their diets consist of several insects, including grubs and beetles, which can be considered pests in agricultural settings. Their consumption of these pests helps regulate the insect population, reducing damage to crops and promoting growth.

It’s important to note that despite their benefits, armadillos can also cause damage to crops and lawns with their digging behaviors. Nevertheless, their ecological significance more than outweighs their harmful effects. Armadillos aren’t dangerous animals, so humans can coexist peacefully with these creatures. 

Cute little armadillo looking for food in the outdoors.

How Do Armadillos Defend Themselves Against Predators

Armadillos are unique creatures with an amazing set of natural defenses against predators. Here are a few ways they protect themselves:

  • Armor Plating: The most recognizable feature of an armadillo is its armor plating. This tough outer layer made of keratin is designed to deflect physical blows from predators and protect the animal’s vital organs.
  • Digging Abilities: Armadillos have powerful front legs that can dig deep burrows and tunnels. This allows them to evade predators by hiding underground, where they are safe from attack.
  • Rolling Into a Ball: When threatened, armadillos can roll up into a tight ball, using their armor plating as protection from potential danger. This gives them an added layer of defense if they cannot escape by digging.

The armadillos’ unique physical and behavioral adaptations make them incredibly resilient creatures, allowing them to survive in a wide range of environments.


Is armadillo a mammal or marsupial?

Armadillos are placental mammals and not marsupials. They give birth to young that are fully formed rather than in the form of embryos or larvae.

Is an armadillo considered a rodent?

No, armadillos are not rodents. They belong to the order called Cingulata, which includes the family Dasypodidae.

How long do armadillos live?

Nine-banded armadillos typically live for 7 to 20 years in the wild.

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