Two Baby Raccoons in Fork of Oak Tree Awaiting Return of Mother

How Long Do Raccoons Live?

Raccoons are fascinating creatures and can live quite a long time depending on their environment, health, and other factors. A raccoon’s lifespan is around 2 to 3 years in the wild. However, in captivity, they may live up to 20 years.

Raccoons need a safe place to live, enough food and clean water, and shelter from the elements to survive. In areas with harsh winters or where hunting is common, raccoons may live shorter due to the stress of harsher conditions. The average life expectancy can also vary based on geographical location and species.

Key Pest Points

• Raccoons live for about two to three years in the wild and can live up to 20 years.

• The average lifespan of a raccoon depends on its environment and geographical location.

• Factors like hunting, harsh winters, and lack of food can shorten a raccoon’s life expectancy.

Average Raccoon Life Cycle

To better understand the lifespan of a raccoon, it is essential to know the different stages in their life. Let’s look at the typical life cycle of a raccoon and how it may impact its life expectancy.

Newborn Raccoons

Baby raccoons are born blind and helpless but will become mobile and open their eyes within a few weeks. At this point, the mother will begin introducing them to solid food and teaching them essential skills for survival in the wild.

They will stay with their mother until they reach maturity, usually at around one year old. At this age, the young raccoons will venture off on their own in search of territory and food.

Juvenile Raccoons

Juvenile raccoons are young adults that have left their mother’s side but are not yet mature. They are still developing their skills and learning the ropes of living in the wild. During this stage, they will scavenge for food, learn to avoid predators, and establish their territory. These raccoons typically have a life expectancy of around two to five years which could be extended if they have access to good food and shelter or if kept in captivity.

Adult Raccoons

Once a raccoon reaches maturity, typically around one year, they become adults and start to reproduce and build their dens. This extra energy helps to extend their life expectancy.

In the wild, adult raccoons typically live three to five years, and in captivity, they can live up to twenty years. This is due to the lack of predators, a protected environment, and access to better nutrition. Captive raccoons are also less likely to be exposed to disease and other threats that may cut their lifespan short.

These factors can impact a raccoon’s life expectancy, but these unique creatures can live in the right environment for many years. Whether they are living in captivity or the wild, raccoons are sure to bring joy and entertainment to their surroundings.

Factors That Can Affect a Raccoon’s Lifespan

It’s important to remember that the lifespan of a raccoon can be affected by various factors. Here are some of the things that can affect a raccoon’s lifespan:


The environment in which a raccoon lives can impact its lifespan. In harsher conditions with more predators and threats, raccoons may live shorter due to the stress of trying to survive. It’s also important to note that raccoons living in urban areas may only live for a short time due to human-related dangers, such as cars and traps. They may also have access to less food or shelter than those living in more rural areas.

A raccoon grabs food out of a trash can at a public park.


The health of a raccoon can also affect its lifespan. Diseases and parasites can decrease the life expectancy of a raccoon, while a healthy raccoon may have the opportunity to live a longer life.

Some diseases, such as rabies, can be deadly for raccoons and should be treated immediately if suspected. And the most common parasites that affect raccoons are fleas and ticks, which can cause various health problems, including anemia and infections. However, if raccoons are kept in captivity, their health can be monitored more closely, thus extending the life expectancy of these animals.

Human Interaction

Human interaction can also affect a raccoon’s lifespan. If humans are trapping or hunting raccoons, the animals may live shorter due to increased stress and danger.

In addition, if human activities cause food sources to be depleted or destroyed, raccoons may suffer from malnutrition and decreased lifespans. This is why people need to be aware of their environmental impact and take necessary steps to ensure that wildlife is not harmed.

Predator Activity

Predator activity can also affect a raccoon’s lifespan. If there is an abundance of predators in the area, raccoons may live shorter due to increased danger and stress. People need to keep their pets under control and ensure that they do not interact with wild animals to prevent the spread of disease and predators.

Some of the most common predators of raccoons include foxes, coyotes, and bobcats. If these predators are present in the area, it can be difficult for raccoons to survive, and their lifespans may be shortened.

A raccoon eating outside.

Food Availability

The availability of food can also affect a raccoon’s lifespan. If scarce or low-quality food sources, raccoons may live less long due to malnutrition and decreased health. They typically feed on a variety of foods, including insects, fruits, nuts, and small animals.

Several factors can cause a decline in food availability, such as human activity, environmental changes, or predators. If these factors are present, raccoons may be unable to find enough food to sustain themselves.

These factors can all affect a raccoon’s lifespan and should be considered when attempting to understand the natural lifecycle of this species. With proper care and precautions, people can help ensure that raccoons can live long and healthy lives.

How To Prevent Raccoons From Entering Your Home

To maintain a safe and healthy living environment, it is crucial to take steps to prevent raccoons from entering your home. Otherwise, raccoons can cause damage to property, diseases, and illnesses, as well as noise pollution. Here are some tips for how to keep raccoons away from your home:

Seal Any Potential Entry Points in Your Home

There are many entry points that raccoons can use to enter your homes, such as holes in siding, vents, and chimneys. To prevent raccoons from entering, it is vital to seal off these potential entry points using caulk or other materials. It is also important to secure windows, doors, and trash cans lids with locks so raccoons cannot gain access.

Remove Sources of Food and Water

Raccoons are attracted to food and water sources such as pet food, bird feeders, and garbage cans. To prevent raccoons from entering your home, it is crucial to ensure that these food sources are not accessible to them. It is also essential to keep your garbage cans tightly closed and away from the home since raccoons can easily access them.

Install Noises or Lights Near Entry Points

Raccoons are often scared by loud noises and bright lights, so install these deterrents near potential entry points. This can help keep raccoons away and ensure they do not enter your home. Ensure that these deterrents are not too loud or bright, as this can cause unnecessary disruption to your home and neighbors.

Use Scent Repellents

There are a number of products available that can be used to deter or repel raccoons from entering your home. These products include ammonia, mothballs, and peppermint oil. They should be applied near potential entry points as well as around the perimeter of your home.

A Raccoon hides in between two boards in the attic.

Try Raccoon Eviction Fluid

Raccoon eviction fluid is a humane, non-toxic product that can be used to evict raccoons from your home. This product is applied directly to the entry points of your home, and the scent of the fluid will repel raccoons and encourage them to leave the area.

Use Raccoon Traps

Raccoon traps are an effective and safe way to remove raccoons from your home. However, checking your local laws and regulations before setting any traps is essential so you do not violate any wildlife regulations. It is vital to ensure that the trap is set properly and regularly monitored so that any animals caught can be safely released back into the wild.

Contact a Wildlife Removal Expert

If you have a problem with raccoons in or around your home, contact a wildlife removal expert who can safely remove them and take the necessary steps to prevent their return. They can also help identify potential entry points and offer advice on improving your home’s security.

With proper prevention techniques, people can help ensure that raccoons can live their natural lifecycle without causing any disruption or damage to property. By following these tips, you can ensure that your home is safe from unwanted visitors and help protect your family’s health and safety.


Why is raccoon life expectancy low?

Raccoons have a relatively low life expectancy due to various factors, including disease, predation, and food availability. It is also important to note that human activity can also play a role in raccoon lifespan, such as the destruction of habitats and interference with natural processes.

How long do raccoons live as pets?

The lifespan of pet raccoons is typically around 20 years. The exact lifespan depends on the individual raccoon and its environment, as well as the health and quality of care they receive from its owners.

How Intelligent Are Raccoons?

Raccoons are brilliant animals and can solve problems, remember solutions to past problems, and identify patterns. They have been found to be more intelligent than cats and dogs. This intelligence makes them particularly adept at finding food sources and making their way into human homes.


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