Red fox walking through fresh fallen snow

Identifying Fox Tracks in the Snow

For those who have spent time in the snow, it is no surprise that animal tracks are a frequent sight. Like all other animals, Foxes leave behind evidence of their presence in the form of tracks and trails.

Knowing how to identify fox tracks can help you appreciate nature more and predict where foxes may be headed. It is important to note that fox tracks in the snow can look different depending on the type of fox, the weather, and the terrain.

Key Pest Points:

Fox prints are typically 1.7 to 2.5 inches long, making them smaller than dog prints.
• The shape of the tracks will depend on the fox species, but generally, they are oval-shaped with four toes visible.
• Look for additional signs like scat, urine stains, and feeding sites that can help you confirm the presence of foxes.

Characteristics of Fox Tracks in Snow

To identify fox paws, it is helpful to understand their common characteristics. They can be distinguished from other animal tracks by:

  • Size and Shape: Fox paw prints are relatively small, typically measuring around 1.7 to 2.5 inches in length. They appear oval-shaped and are slightly wider than they are long.
  • Number of Toes: Like most canids, Foxes possess four toes on each foot. However, when tracking foxes, paying attention to the visible toe marks is essential. Fox prints in snow often show distinct and separate toe imprints.
  • Claw Marks: One distinguishing feature of fox tracks is the presence of prominent claw marks. These marks can be seen at the front of the tracks, slightly protruding beyond the toe imprints.
  • Stride Length and Pattern: The stride length varies depending on the fox’s speed, but it is generally longer than smaller mammals like squirrels.

You can estimate the fox’s pace and activity level by analyzing the pattern and measuring the distance between tracks.

fox track in the snow

Distinguishing Fox Tracks from Other Animals

Although fox footprints are relatively easy to identify, they can sometimes be confused with those of other animals. You must pay attention to the size and shape of the track, as well as any prominent claw marks or toe imprints that may be present.

Comparison with Dog Tracks

Differentiating fox tracks from those of dogs is crucial, as they can often resemble each other due to their shared ancestry. However, there are notable distinctions to look out for. Firstly, fox prints tend to be smaller than most domestic dog tracks.

While both have four-toe imprints, fox tracks usually exhibit more elongated and narrow ovals, whereas dog tracks are generally rounder and wider.

Comparison with Cat Tracks

Fox paw prints generally display larger toe imprints with a distinct diamond shape. In contrast, cat tracks have more rounded toes, giving them a softer appearance. Additionally, cat tracks often exhibit retractable claws, which are not visible on the track. On the other hand, fox tracks consistently show visible claw marks.

Differentiating from Other Small Mammals

When tracking foxes, it is essential to distinguish their tracks from those of other small mammals that share their habitat. For instance, tracks left by squirrels and rabbits can resemble fox prints due to their similar size.

However, squirrel tracks typically show four toes but lack prominent claw marks. Rabbit tracks, on the other hand, exhibit larger hind feet with elongated oval-shaped tracks, distinct from the smaller fox paws.

These differences can help a tracker accurately identify fox tracks in the field.​ This knowledge can also effectively monitor and manage fox populations in different environments. ​​

Red fox in the winter on snowy ground

Examining Additional Signs

In addition to examining fox tracks, it is also beneficial to notice other signs the animal leaves behind. These may include scat, feeding remains, and scent markings. All of these can be used to gain further insight into the behavior of foxes and their movements throughout their range.

  • Scat: When tracking foxes, look for their feces, which can provide valuable information about their diet and presence in the area. Fox scat is typically small, elongated, and cylindrical, similar to a small dog’s.
  • Urine Marks: Foxes use urine marking as a means of communication and territorial marking. They leave distinct scent marks along their travel routes, particularly near prominent features or boundaries. Look for small patches of discolored snow, often yellowish or reddish in hue, to identify fox urine marks.
  • Feeding Remains: As omnivores, foxes consume various food, including small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, and berries. When tracking foxes, watch for feeding remains such as scattered fur, bones, or partially eaten prey.

These signs indicate recent feeding activity and can help determine the fox’s preferred hunting grounds or denning areas.

Safety Considerations

Foxes are wild animals and can become aggressive if threatened or defensive. So, always practice safety precautions and be aware of your surroundings. Here are a few ways to stay safe:

  • Avoid disturbing wildlife: While tracking foxes can be an exciting endeavor, it is essential to prioritize the well-being of the animals and their habitats. Respect their natural behaviors and do not cause undue stress or disturbance.
  • Practicing responsible tracking: As outdoor enthusiasts, it is our responsibility to leave minimal impact on the environment. When tracking foxes, tread lightly and stick to established trails or areas with durable surfaces, minimizing damage to delicate habitats.

By practicing responsible tracking, we can ensure the preservation of these magnificent creatures and their ecosystems for future generations.

Red fox walking down the snowy road.

How To Prevent Fox Invasions

Foxes are unique creatures known for their ability to adapt to urban environments, and their presence in residential areas can lead to concerns such as property damage or interactions with pets. To prevent fox invasions, here are some tips to consider:

  • Secure Trash and Food Sources: Foxes are attracted to easily accessible food sources. Your trash cans should have tight-fitting lids or store them in secure enclosures. Feed your pets indoors or promptly clean up any leftover food to avoid attracting foxes to your property.
  • Install Secure Fencing: Use materials like hardware cloth or wire mesh with small openings since foxes are skilled at squeezing through small gaps.
  • Remove Potential Dens and Hiding Places: Foxes may seek out areas on your property to create dens or find shelter. Remove brush piles, unused equipment, or other debris that can provide hiding spots for foxes.
  • Install Motion-Activated Lights and Alarms: Foxes are typically nocturnal creatures, and installing motion-activated lights and sprinklers can help deter them from approaching your property.
  • Supervise Small Pets: If you have small pets like rabbits or outdoor cats, it’s important to supervise them when they’re outside. Keep them in secure enclosures or within a controlled environment, especially during dawn and dusk when foxes are most active.
  • Use Fox Deterrents: Consider using natural fox deterrents, such as commercially available fox repellents, or homemade remedies like sprinkling cayenne pepper around your property.
  • Consult with Local Authorities: If you’re experiencing persistent fox-related issues, contact local wildlife or animal control authorities. They can guide, advise, or assist in dealing with specific situations.

Preventing fox invasions requires proactive measures to ensure a peaceful coexistence between humans and these adaptable creatures.


What is the difference between fox tracks and coyote tracks?

Fox tracks are generally smaller, ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 inches in length, while coyote tracks are larger, measuring 2.5 to 3.5 inches. Fox tracks often display more pronounced claw marks, while coyote tracks may show less distinct claws.

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