Portrait of a Red fox outside.

What Eats a Fox?

While foxes are known for their intelligence and adaptability, they, too, have their share of predators. A wide array of animals, from birds of prey to other canids, hunt the fox. They are especially vulnerable to humans and their activities, such as trapping, hunting, and poisoning.

Join us as we uncover the secrets of the animal kingdom and shed light on the importance of understanding the predators that lurk in the shadows.

Key Pest Points:

•  Several animals hunt foxes, including birds of prey, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions, and humans.

•  Foxes are also vulnerable to human activities such as trapping, hunting, and poisoning.

•  A fox can carry diseases such as rabies, mange, and distemper, which can also be transmitted to other species.

Fox Predators

When it comes to fox predators, mother nature has equipped a few formidable hunters with the skills to make a fox’s life rather challenging. Baby fox kits are especially vulnerable to danger, as they lack the skills to avoid predators. Here are some of the top contenders:

Wild Coyote Hunting and Foraging for Food on Grassy Hillside


These cousins of the fox are crafty hunters known for their teamwork and swift running abilities. With a penchant for small mammals, birds, and sometimes even foxes themselves, they can pose a real threat to our sly friends.

Coyotes are highly adaptable and have been known to form packs of 3-7 members, making them a force to be reckoned with in the wild. They often target young foxes, who are more vulnerable than their older counterparts.

Birds of Prey

Another formidable predator of the fox is the bird of prey. These feathered hunters, such as owls and eagles, are adept fliers and can swoop in with lightning speed to pick off unsuspecting foxes.

They often target juvenile or young foxes that may not yet have mastered the crafty art of evading predators. These birds of prey can soar high above the ground and spot their prey from afar, making them a tricky adversary for foxes to outwit.

Wolves and young bison in the wild during winter.


The majestic wolves, known for their pack mentality and hunting prowess, have been known to target foxes occasionally. Their strength in numbers and impressive hunting strategies can make them a formidable predator for any fox venturing into their territory.

The wolf packs that roam the forests and plains are known to target not only foxes but also deer, hares, beavers, and other small mammals.


While bears may not be the first creature that comes to mind when we think of fox predators, they occasionally take advantage of an easy meal. Opportunistic omnivores, bears will gladly feast on a fox carcass if they stumble upon one.

However, bears are not known as efficient fox hunters due to their slow-moving nature and large size. They’re more likely to snag an unsuspecting fox that gets too close for comfort.


Bobcats, the stealthy felines of the wild, are also among the predators that threaten foxes. With their incredible agility and hunting skills, bobcats can quickly outmaneuver and overpower a fox.

These predators prefer to hunt at night when they can more easily stalk their prey. They usually target small mammals such as rabbits and rodents, but foxes are also on their menu.

Mountain Lions

The mighty mountain lion, also known as a cougar or puma, is a highly skilled predator capable of bringing down larger prey. While foxes are not their primary targets, they won’t pass up the chance for a fox feast if it presents itself.

Mountain lions are fast and powerful, making them a formidable foe for any fox that crosses their path. They prefer larger prey like deer but can be opportunistic for smaller animals like foxes.

A man stands with weapons and hunting dogs tracking down the game.


Humans are a unique predator of foxes, as they hunt for sport rather than out of necessity. Fox hunting has been practiced in many parts of the world, though it’s now illegal in some countries due to its cruelty and danger to both the foxes and hunters alike.

Foxes have also been hunted for their fur. It’s become a trendy fashion item in certain places in the world. But don’t worry; regulations are now in place to protect these beautiful creatures. Unfortunately, poaching still occurs, a major issue for foxes today. Let’s do what we can to ensure their safety and well-being.

Finally, humans also threaten foxes through habitat destruction and fragmentation. As more land is occupied for urban development, foxes are often displaced, making it harder for them to survive.

These predators, both human, and animal, present a real threat to foxes in the wild. We must continue to work towards protecting these sly creatures and their habitats so they can thrive in the wild.

Diseases That Can Kill Foxes

One of the most dangerous forms of fox predation is disease. Foxes face a variety of illnesses, from rabies to mange, that can quickly become fatal if left untreated. Here are some of the most common diseases that can kill foxes:

  • Rabies: This is a seriously dangerous and highly-contagious illness caused by a virus that spreads through saliva or bodily fluids. It affects the nervous system and can lead to severe neurological symptoms like fever, confusion, paralysis, and in some cases, death. Stay informed and vigilant against this potentially fatal disease!
  • Mange: It’s a highly contagious skin disease that can be fatal if not treated promptly. The culprits behind this pesky ailment are tiny parasites that burrow into the skin, creating intense itching, hair loss, and scabs. Ignoring it can lead to dehydration or secondary infections and eventually put your life at risk. 
  • Distemper: This highly contagious virus can cause severe symptoms in these animals, including coughing, vomiting, seizures, and even paralysis. Sadly, without proper treatment, it can be fatal. So, if you encounter a sick fox, contact a licensed wildlife rehabilitation center immediately to ensure they receive the care they need to recover.

Foxes can fall prey to sicknesses that could rapidly circulate in their population, leading to harmful effects. Thus, safeguarding these beautiful creatures is critical by ensuring they are vaccinated against rabies while providing them with medical attention for other illnesses.


What are foxes afraid of?

Of all the creatures out in the wild, humans are the ones that scare foxes the most. Sadly, we pose a genuine danger to foxes through habitat destruction, hunting, and trapping. However, other animals, such as bobcats, coyotes, mountain lions, wolves, and even birds of prey, can also harm foxes.

Will a fox hurt a dog?

While foxes are usually harmless to dogs, it’s essential to be aware that a frightened or trapped fox may attempt to defend itself by attacking a dog. That’s why it’s crucial to supervise your furry friends when they’re outside. Keep them safe and avoid any potentially dangerous situations.

Do wolves eat foxes?

Yes, wolves occasionally hunt foxes for food. As apex predators, wolves typically go after much larger prey, such as deer and elk. However, if food is scarce or the opportunity presents itself, they may turn to smaller animals like foxes.

Do coyotes eat foxes?

Coyotes don’t typically eat foxes but sometimes hunt young foxes for food or to protect their territory.

Do bears eat foxes?

Yes, bears will occasionally hunt foxes for food. However, foxes are generally not a usual prey choice for these large predators, and they more commonly feed on fruits and plants

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